Last edited by Nilkis
Tuesday, May 5, 2020 | History

3 edition of Java under the cultivation system found in the catalog.

Java under the cultivation system

collected writings

by Robert Van Niel

  • 184 Want to read
  • 23 Currently reading

Published by KITLV Press in Leiden .
Written in English

    Places:
  • Indonesia,
  • Java,
  • Netherlands
    • Subjects:
    • Land use, Rural -- Indonesia -- Java -- History -- 19th century.,
    • Rent -- Indonesia -- Java -- History -- 19th century.,
    • Agriculture and state -- Indonesia -- Java -- History -- 19th century.,
    • Agriculture -- Economic aspects -- Netherlands -- Colonies.

    • Edition Notes

      Includes bibliographical references (p. 229-241) and index.

      StatementRobert Van Niel.
      SeriesVerhandelingen van het Koninklijk Instituut voor Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde ;, 150
      Classifications
      LC ClassificationsHD899.J4 V36 1992
      The Physical Object
      Pagination244 p. ;
      Number of Pages244
      ID Numbers
      Open LibraryOL1466186M
      ISBN 109067180424
      LC Control Number93125814

      cultivation techniques with a low environmental impact. More and more attention is being paid, by the EU, and also by Italy, to en vironmental sustainability, biodiversity and. Marijuana Cultivation [] Purpose []. This book is to provide instruction on the use and cultivation of marijuana, also known as cannabis or hemp. In this book you will find all the information needed to go from seed to a fully functioning garden.

      Contrary to van den Bosch's intention, production was also demanded of the people who had paid taxes by working under the Culture System. The system resulted in sharp criticism in the mids; one of the most outspoken critics was Multatuli (pseudonym of Dutch writer Eduard Douwes Dekker), who condemned the system in his book Max Havelaar (). Sultans, Spices, and Tsunamis: The Incredible Story of the World's Largest Archipelago Indonesia is by far the largest nation in Southeast Asia and has the fourth largest population in the world after the United States. Indonesian history and culture are especially relevant today as the Island nation is an emerging power in the region with a dynamic new leader.4/5.

      Crop Cultivation System a complex of interrelated technological, land-improvement, and organizational measures for land utilization and the restoration and improvement of soil fertility. In kolkhozes and sovkhozes the crop cultivation system includes several interrelated elements: organization of the land area and crop rotation, the soil tillage system.   Here we have given Forest Society and Colonialism Class 9 History Chapter 4 Notes. NCERT Solutions Approximately one-sixth of India’s landmass was under cultivation. The population of Java was million. This was known as the blandongdiensten system. Forest Rebellion in Java or Saminist Movement in Java.


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Java under the cultivation system by Robert Van Niel Download PDF EPUB FB2

Village Java Under the Cultivation System is a pioneering attempt to understand and explain the transformations undergone by the peasants of Java under the system of forced crop cultivation imposed upon them by the Dutch colonial government.4/5.

This book contains ten essays on the Cultivation System in Java by the eminent American scholar Van Niel, written over a period of almost twenty-five years. The Cultivation System was a most remarkable system of colonial exploitation, which set a large proportion of the Javanese peasant population to produce great quantities of marketable.

The regulation of sugar production in Java, -- IV. Measurement of change under the cultivation system in Java, -- V. Government policy and the civil administration in Java during the early years of the cultuvation system -- VI.

The labor component in the forced cultivation system in. Village Java under the cultivation system, (Southeast Asia publications series / Asian Studies Association of Australia) [Elson, R.

E] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Village Java under the cultivation system, (Southeast Asia publications series / Asian Studies Association of Cited by: Java, Cultivation SystemAfter the Napoleonic Wars, Java and other posts in the East Indian archipelago were returned to the Kingdom of the Netherlands in The Dutch East India Company (Verenigde Oostindische Compagnie or VOC) had governed these lands in the eighteenth century.

Source for information on Java, Cultivation System: Encyclopedia of Western Colonialism since dictionary. Culture System, revenue system in the Dutch East Indies (Indonesia) that forced farmers to pay revenue to the treasury of the Netherlands in the form of export crops or compulsory labour.

It was introduced in by Johannes van den Bosch, then governor-general of the Dutch East Indies. According. Get this from a library. Village Java under the cultivation system, [R E Elson].

Starting ina set of policies known as the Cultivation System (cultuurstelsel in Dutch) was implemented as a means of covering the high cost of colonial administration in Java and bolstering the Netherlands' weak financial condition following the Napoleonic Wars and a civil war with Belgium, with which the Dutch had united in Java (Indonesian: Jawa; Javanese: ꦗꦮ; Sundanese: ᮏᮝ) is an island of Indonesia, bordered by the Indian Ocean on the south and the Java Sea on the north.

With a population of over million (Java only) or million (including the inhabitants of its surrounding islands), Java has percent of the Indonesian population and is the world's most populous on: Southeast Asia. van Niel, ‘Measurement of change under the cultivation system in Java, –’, Indonesia, XIV,pp.

89– Quotation from the reprint in Fasseur, Geld en geweten, p. ; Van Niel assumes a factor of underreporting ranging from 72 to 75 percent of the totals for both population and cultivated by: 4.

The Cultivation System was a form of tax. It replaced land taxes owed to the Dutch in cash (which could be difficult to collect) with a requirement that one/fifth of village land was used to grow cash crops for the colonial government such as coffee or indigo for export instead.

According to the summary in chapter 2 of the extent of the Cultivation System in the periodapproximately 57 percent of the population of Java (excluding Batavia, Buitenzorg, and the principalities) was incorporated in the Cultivation System incompared to about 52 percent in This book helped to change Dutch public opinion about the "Cultivation System" and colonialism in general.

More recently, the name Max Havelaar was adopted by one of the first fair trade organizations. By the mid s the Dutch East Indies expanded arabica coffee-growing areas in Sumatra, Bali, Sulawesi and Timor.

Java, its administrative corps {Binnenlands Bestuur) supervising the forced cultivation of cash crops for European markets. It has been generally assumed that in contrast to the situation in British India for example, under the Cultivation System () private European planters were banned from Java, and the Cultivation System has been.

Rich Forests, Poor People untangles the complex of peasant and state politics that has developed in Java over three g on historical materials and intensive field research, including two contemporary case studies, Peluso presents the story of the forest and its people.

under the Cultivation System, 5 the forests were brought. Jun Xiaomo, notoriously known as “Lady Demoness”, finds herself chained and bound in a dungeon. Her hard-earned cultivation has been completely crippled, and she has no means of escape.

Qin Shanshan, a lady she used to called her “close friend”, mocks Jun Xiaomo, revealing that Jun Xiaomo had been used by the people around her. What began as a commercial transaction, however, soon became a system of compulsory production.

This book shows how the Dutch East India Company mobilised land and labour, why they turned to force cultivation, and what effects the brutal system they installed had on the economy and society. 1 online resource ( pages, viii pages of plates). To that end, van den Bosch put into effect on Java a system of forced cultivation, known as cultuurstelsel, in which farmers were obliged to surrender a portion of production from their land to.

The Politics of Colonial Exploitation: Java, The Dutch, and the Cultivation System (Studies on Southeast Asia) [Fasseur, Cornelis, Elson, R. E., Kraal, Ary, Elson, R. E.] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. The development of the Cultivation System from the years to is the focus of this work by the Dutch scholar Cornelis by: improve cultivation, determine quality and yield, and carry out farm work (see Fig.

The system can be used in many different ways. These include supporting crop rotation regimes, supporting crop planning based on knowledge of the area under cultivation, and use by producers discussing decisions about the harvesting sequenceFile Size: KB.

The Cultivation System led to a ‘big spurt’ in investment, mainly consisting of increased labour services that were invested in transport infrastructure, water management and the planting of cash crops (such as coffee trees), but also resulting from increased investment in imported machines and Author: Jan Luiten van Zanden, Daan Marks.Village Java under the cultivation system, / R.E.

Elson The idea of Indonesia: a history / R.E. Elson The end of the peasantry in Southeast Asia: a social and economic history of .The implementation of the Cultivation System in on Java by the Dutch colonial government was an attempt to bring this potentially rich colony under Dutch economic control, but it is usually Author: Ulbe Bosma.